30 January 2017

Vitamin B12 deficient vegan baby in Ireland (2016)

No news is good news. But unfortunately here's the news.

In an email alert from PubMed I received this title (no abstract available):

Severe Vitamin B12 Deficiency; an Unusual Cause of Developmental Regression in Infants.


An "unusual case" - please let this not be a vegan baby - again.


13 January 2017

vegans માટે વિટામિન બી 12 ભલામણો (Gujarati)

નીચેના વિકલ્પો પસંદ કરો (11, 151617):

- 2-5 યુજી બે વાર દિવસ દીઠ (ફોર્ટિફાઇડ ખોરાક અથવા પૂરક માંથી) (34, 891012, 14)

- પૂરક માંથી દિવસ દીઠ 10-200 યુજી (1, 4, 5689)

- પૂરક પ્રતિ સપ્તાહ 2000-2500 યુજી (2791013)


12 January 2017

B12 bitamina: gomendioak beganoentzat (Basque/Euskara)

Hautatu hauetako aukera bat (11, 151617):

- 2-5 µg egunean bi aldiz (elikagaiak aberasteko) (34, 891012, 14)

- 10-200 µg ko osagarri bat egunean (1, 4, 5689)

- 2000-2500 µg ko osagarri bat astean behin (2791013)



31 December 2016

B12-vitamiini suosituksia vegaaneille (Finnish)

Valitse jokin seuraavista vaihtoehdoista (11151617): 

- käytä kahdesti päivässä 2-5 µg (B12-vitaminoituja tuotteita tai tablettimuodossa) (34, 89101214

- syö päivittäin yksi B12-vitamiinitabletti, joka sisältää 10-200 µg (1, 4, 5689

- kerran viikossa tabletti, joka sisältää 2000-2500 µg B12-vitamiinia (2791013)

30 December 2016

Veganlar için vitamin B12 önerileri (Turkish)

Aşağıdaki seçeneklerden birini seçin (11, 151617):

- Günde iki kez 2-5 μg (kuvvetlendirilmiş gıdalardan veya takviyeden) (
34, 891012, 14)

- takviye olarak günde 10-200 μg (
1, 4, 5689)

- takviye olarak haftada 2000-2500 μg (
2791013)


29 December 2016

A letter from London - and its translation for vegans: ESPGHAN on vegan babies, 2017

A new position paper (1) by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition - published online yesterday - includes some information on vegan babies!

ESPGHAN = European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

This position paper is on complementary feeding (CF), i.e. what to feed babies once you begin to wean them at about 4 to 6 months of age. (See the WHO's definition of complementary feeding here).

In the following I've listed the vegan-relevant quotes from the position paper and my comments in square brackets.


"All infants should receive iron-rich CF including meat products and/or iron-fortified foods. [Iron is very important. If iron-fortified foods are really necessary for vegan babies as long as they eat legumes every day is not certain.] No sugar or salt should be added to CF and fruit juices or sugarsweetened beverages should be avoided. Vegan diets should only be used under appropriate medical or dietetic supervision [Visit your GP/medical doctor for checking normal growth and development - as recommended with a non vegan baby. Make sure you pay attention to certain nutrients and have access to science-based vegan nutrition info for babies. SEE BELOW***] and parents should understand the serious consequences of failing to follow advice regarding supplementation [especially regarding vitamin B12 - and to a lesser extent iodine - supplementation] of the diet."

*** You can get take care of all the necessary nutrients by providing: 

  • enough calories: feed your baby some white pasta/rice, some juice (not too much) - not 100% whole foods - as this would probably be too bulky (too much fibre). 
  • enough protein, iron, and zinc: feed your baby soft legumes, i.e. well cooked beans/peas, mashed, and/or soft tofu
  • give your baby half a VEG1 tablet (or similar supplement) - this will take care of vitamin B12, iodine, vitamin D, selenium, and vitamin B2.
  • include cooked mashed carrots/pumpkin/orange sweet potato or carrot juice - great sources of provitamin A
  • include some rapeseed (canola) oil or a little linseed (flax) oil - these contain omega 3 fatty acids
Check out these two links:


Vitamine B12 aanbevelingen voor veganisten (Dutch)

Kies een van de volgende opties (11, 151617):

- 2-5 µg tweemaal per dag (van verrijkte voedingsmiddelen of een supplement) (
34, 891012, 14)
 
- 10-200 µg per dag van een supplement (
1, 4, 5689)

- 2000-2500 µg per week van een supplement (
2791013)


28 December 2016

Rekomendasi vitamin B12 untuk vegan (Indonesian)

Pilih salah satu dari opsi berikut (11, 151617):

- 2-5 µg dua kali per hari (dari makanan yang diperkaya atau suplemen) (
34, 891012, 14)

- 10-200 µg per hari dari suplemen (
1, 4, 5689)

- 2000-2500 µg per minggu dari suplemen (
2791013)


27 December 2016

Vitamin B12 anbefalinger for veganere (Norwegian)

Velg ett av følgende alternativer (11, 151617):

- 2-5 µg to ganger per dag (fra berikede matvarer eller et
tilskudd) (34, 891012, 14)

- 10 til 200 µg per dag fra et
tilskudd (1, 4, 5689)

- 2000-2500 µg per uke fra et
tilskudd (2791013)


26 December 2016

Vitamin B12-rekommendationer för veganer (Swedish)

Välj ett av följande alternativ (11, 151617):

- 2–5 µg två gånger per dag (via berikade livsmedel eller som kosttillskott) (
34, 891012, 14)

-10–200 µg per dag i form av kosttillskott (
1, 4, 5689)

- 2000–2500 µg per vecka i form av kosttillskott (
2791013)


25 December 2016

vegans लागि भिटामिन बी 12 सिफारिसहरू (Nepali)

निम्न विकल्पहरू मध्ये एउटा छान्नुहोस् (11, 151617):

- 2-5 μg दुई पटक प्रति दिन (सुदृढ खाद्य पदार्थ वा पूरक देखि) (
34, 891012, 14)

- प्रति दिन 10-200 μg (पूरक) (
1, 4, 5689)

- प्रति हप्ता 2000-2500 μg (पूरक) (
2791013)


24 December 2016

Raccomandazioni di vitamina B12 per i vegani (Italian)

Scegli una delle seguenti opzioni (11, 151617):

- 2-5
µg due volte al giorno (da cibi arricchiti o un integratore) (34, 891012, 14)

- 10-200
µg al giorno da un integratore (1, 4, 5689)

- 2000-2500
µg a settimana da un integratore (2791013)