06 May 2016

éS Sesla

Thanks to the formidable vegan skate blog I've discovered the "brand new" VEGAN éS Sesla. Someone gift me some for summer Christmas! :D

13 April 2016

Positionspapier der DGE zu veganer Ernährung 2016


Update 22. April 2016
Die British Nutrition Foundation wurde im DGE-Positionspapier falsch zitiert. Im Positionspapier steht: "Die British Nutrition Foundation schätzt diese Ernährungsform [gut geplante vegane Ernährung] für diese Lebensphase [Kindheit und Jugend] wegen Gefahr von Wachstumsdefiziten und Mangelernährung als "nicht empfehlenswert" ein." Diese Aussage ist nicht richtig. 
Die DGE bezieht sich allem Anschein nach auf eine Passage auf Seite 17 des PDFs von Phillips/British Nutrition Foundation (Phillips F: Vegetarian nutrition. Nutrition Bulletin 30: 132–167 (2005)):
"Malnutrition and poor growth, and in a few cases death, have been reported among infants and children fed very restricted vegan and macrobiotic diets and these diets are not recommended." 
Phillips bezieht sich hier nicht auf vegane Ernährung allgemein, sondern auf ganz spezielle Fälle von sehr eingeschränkten veganen Ernährungsformen - siehe die drei von Phillips genannten Quellen. Auf Seite 21 des PDFs von Phillips unter "Key Points" wird dies wiederholt: "Restrictive dietary patterns, such as some extreme macrobiotic diets, have been found to lead to poor growth and malnutrition; such diets are not recommended for infants and children."


Die drei von Phillips genannten Quellen für extreme Ernährungsformen, die "nicht empfohlen" werden, sind:

Shinwell ED, Gorodischer R: Totally vegetarian diets and infant nutrition. Pediatrics 70(4): 582-586 (1982)

Zmora E, Gorodischer R, Bar-Ziv J: Multiple nutritional deficiencies in infants from a strict vegetarian community. Am J Dis Child 133(2):141-144 (1979) 


Roberts IF, West RJ, Ogilvie D, Dillon MJ: Malnutrition in infants receiving cult diets: a form of child abuse. Br Med J 1(6159): 296-298 (1979)


Die erste zwei dieser Quellen (Shinwell und Gorodischer 1982, Zmora et al 1979) sind auch in meinem Buch ("Veganismus") genannt. Sie beschreiben sehr tragische Fälle von extremen Nährstoffmängeln bei der religiösen Gemeinschaft "African Hebrew Israelites" in Israel - um 1980. 

Zmora et al 1979:
"Severe nutritional deficiencies developed in four infants from a new vegan religious community. They had received breast milk until the age of 3 months; thereafter, breast milk was supplemented with or replaced by extremely low caloric-density preparations. All of the infants had profound protein-caloric malnutrition, severe rickets, osteoporosis, and vitamin B12 and other deficiencies. One infant died, while the three others had an uneventful recovery. After discharge of the infants from the hospital, the community responded well to a modification of the infants' diet, which did not violate their vegetarian philosophy. However, they refused to give their infants vitamin B12 on a regular basis."

Shinwell und Gorodischer 1982:
"Twenty-five infants of this community who were seen at the hospital showed evidence of protein-calorie malnutrition, iron- and vitamin B12-deficient anemia, rickets, zinc deficiency, and multiple recurrent infections. Evidence of growth retardation was also found in 47 infants seen at the local mother-child health (well-baby) clinic. Samples of breast milk showed low levels of carbohydrate (1.6 to 3.5 gm/100 ml), protein (0.8 to 1.4 gm/100 ml), and fat (2.4 to 4.1 gm/100 ml). The main constituent of the infants' diet after the age of 3 months (a "soya milk" prepared at the community's central kitchen) was extremely dilute with a very low calorific value (13.7 kcal/100 ml). Persistent attempts to find dietary modifications that would satisfy both the vegan philosophy and also the recommended dietary allowances failed."

Die dritte Quelle (Roberts et al 1979) beschreibt vier Fälle:
- ein Kind mit u.a. Kwashiorkor und B12-Mangel:
"His parents were converts to a cult whose main tenet was adherence to an uncooked, restricted vegetable diet. Since birth the child had received only breast milk and uncooked fruits and vegetables; he had not received any cereals or legumes."
- ein extrem unterernährtes Kind mit u.a. Ödemen (kein Kwashiorkor):
"This boy was initially breast-fed, but at an age of 4 weeks was started on a macrobiotic infant food known as kokoh, which consists of rice, wheat, oats, bena, and sesame flour". (B12 wurde nicht erwähnt.)
- ein weiteres unterernährtes Kind mit u.a. Vitamin D-Mangel-Rachitis:
"This girl, whose parents adhered to a macrobiotic diet, was weaned at 5 months onto a diet of kokoh, vegetables, and brown rice". (B12 wurde nicht erwähnt.)
- ein weiteres unterernährtes Kind (6 Jahre alt):
"Both parents adhered to the macrobiotic diet and philosophy. Although partially breast-fed, from the age of 4 months she had been fed mainly on kokoh. On examination she was hungry and wasted with virtually no subcutaneous fat." (B12 wurde nicht erwähnt.)

Es ist anzunehmen, dass alle vier Kinder zusätzlich einen B12-Mangel hatten.

Obwohl diese Fälle alt sind, sind sie keineswegs irrelevant und ähnliche Fälle sind auch nach dem Jahr 2000 aufgetreten - siehe das Kapitel "Tote vegane Babys" in meinem Buch "Veganismus".



---

Aus Zeitmangel ein sehr kurzer Post zum brandneuen DGE-Positionspapier 2016 zu veganer Ernährung:

Trotz der noch kritischen Stellung zu veganer Ernährung während der Schwangerschaft, Stillzeit, Kindheit und im Jugendalter ist diese ausführliche Beschäftigung der DGE mit diesem Thema und ihre formelle Stellungnahme zu diesem Thema sehr erfreulich - und herzliche Dankbarkeit von Seiten der "veganen Bewegung" scheint mir angebracht.

16 March 2016

Città de fango eterno - a vegan exploration of Rome

INTRO
There seem to be about 5 million vegetarians and vegans in Italy. There are about 60 million people in Italy. So that's approaching 10%. (Rome has about 3 million people.) 
There are at least two vegan fast food franchise chain restaurants ("vegan McDonald's", Universo Vegano and Veggy Days) and several completely vegan businesses of different kinds: a vegan market stall, organic food shops, shoe shops, ice cream shops etc.

 

Must-go in Rome: Vegan Store market stall in Testaccio food market 

 

There are quite a few other vegan businesses in Rome not mentioned here. You can find most of them on HappyCow. I was told by a local vegan to particularly mention a 100% vegan restaurant called "Gusto Italia". If I had had more time I would have certainly gone there.

09 November 2015

Chlorella als Vitamin B12-Quelle – ja aber nicht verlässlich


Kurze Zusammenfassung:
Eine neue Studie von Merchant et al. (2015) (3) zeigt, dass zumindest einige Arten von Chlorella echtes Vitamin B12 (Methylcobalamin) enthalten, das auch vom menschlichen Körper verwendet werden kann. Chlorella könnte somit theoretisch (!) als alleinige Vitamin B12-Quelle für Veganer dienen – Chlorella kann allerdings nach wie vor nicht als verlässliche (oder erschwingliche oder praktische) Vitamin B12-Quelle angesehen werden.

Die Einnahme von 45 Chlorella-Tabletten (9 g) pro Tag konnte in dieser Studie bei einigen aber nicht bei allen teilnehmenden Vegetariern einen B12-Mangel korrigieren (3).


27 October 2015

The world's first book on veganism in Arabic

updated 30 Oct 2015
... and a word for "vegan" in Arabic!

Sharbel Balloutine (pictured on the cover) from Haifa, Israel, has published what seems to be the first book on the topic of veganism written in Arabic (1, 2). This news is not literally all that new, as the book was published in 2012. The translation of the book's title is roughly "Veganism - a sublime way for humans to treat the earth and animals" (1, 3)
(الخُضريّة - تعامل أسمى للإنسان مع الأرض والحيوان). The book is self-published by the author (1).


Front cover  

07 October 2015

Selenium, iodine, zinc, and iron in German vegans (2015)


Quick summary:
Poor iodine and selenium status in this German population, lower iodine and selenium status in vegetarians, and yet lower in vegans.
[My conclusion:
The Vegan Society’s supplement Veg1 is a helpful supplement for vegans in Germany.
Veg1 contains:
Vitamin D2: 10 mcg
Vitamin B2: 1.6 mg
Vitamin B6: 2 mg
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin): 10 mcg
Folic acid: 200 mcg
Iodine: 150 mcg
Selenium: 60 mcg]

A doctoral thesis (MD) from southern Germany from January 2015 is centred around a study comparing iodine, selenium, zinc, and iron status in vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores. 

As far as I’m aware these results haven’t been published in a journal, and haven’t been published in English at all. (The doctoral thesis, including the summary, is available in German only).
Because the results seem relevant for the field of vegan nutrition I have translated the most relevant findings into English.

Las 9 reglas para ayudar a animales en Facebook (de Nick Cooney)


1. Postea muchos vídeos de Facebook. Luego postea aún más vídeos

2. Genera emociones en la gente, especialmente tristeza, rencor, diversión o “náuseas”. 

3. Usa menos de 10 palabras

4. Pide que la gente comparta tus posts. No pide “me gusta” o comentarios. 

5. Usa citas frecuentemente. 

6. Postea enlaces a noticias de la televisión, de diarios o revistas conocidas, en vez de enlaces a blogs, si quieres alcanzar a más personas. 

7. Si usas fotos de animales, usa fotos de animales bebés

8. “Animal de granja” + “mascota” = éxito 

9. Postea fotos de comida rica y fotos de “memes”.

23 September 2015

Die 9 Mercy-for-Animals-Facebook-Regeln

NEUN TIPPS, UM AUF FACEBOOK TIEREN ZU HELFEN 

1. Poste Facebook-Videos. Poste Facebook-Videos. Poste noch mehr Facebook-Videos.

2. Löse Gefühle in den Menschen aus: besonders Trauer, Wut, Erheiterung oder „Übelkeit“.


3. Verwende weniger als 10 Worte.

4. Bitte darum, deine Posts zu TEILEN. (Bitte nicht um „gefällt mir“ oder Kommentare.)

5. Verwende oft Zitate.

6. Poste Links zu Mainstream-Medien (TV, Zeitungen, Magazine) anstelle von Links zu Blogs – wenn du mehr Menschen erreichen willst.

7. Bei Fotos von Tieren: Verwende am besten Fotos von Tierbabys.

8. „Farmtier“ + „Haustier“ = Erfolg!
(Auch Gruppen von Tieren – statt nur einem einzelnen Tier – sind beliebt.)

9. Poste Fotos von leckerem Essen und poste Memes (Internet-Hypes).



25 August 2015

The gold standard: Servant Dagon - Anatomy of a vegan skate shoe, Part III

Servant (shoe company) Dagon (name of the shoe)


"Hailing from Sweden, Servant Footwear makes footwear for all preferences but has a huge Vegan following due to their functional synthetic models. Their 4skin technology, (lol) feels and skates exactly like suede. This microfiber formula has been perfected to such an extent that most of their consumers can’t tell the difference between a 4skin covered upper and a suede model. Truthfully, neither could we." Ripped Laces


14 August 2015

Bizcocho

Bizcocho de Debot (Bizcocho de Madrid)




12 August 2015

Madrid

The middle-aged vegan skateboarder's guide to nutrition security in Madrid


30 September 2014

FAZ: Unser Schrot und Korn gib uns heute



Vielen Dank an die Autorin für diesen hervorragend recherchierten und geschriebenen Artikel: 

Christina Hucklenbroich, Unser Schrot und Korn gib uns heute, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ), Freitag, 26. September 2014 (Nummer 224, Seite 11) 

Hier ein Auszug und paar Anmerkungen, die mein Buch betreffen:

26 September 2014

Interview with Alex Bourke


Alex mange un croissant vegan à Paris
Alex is a long-time vegan activist and friend from London (vegan since around 1991). A few days ago we were discussing ideas around animal rights and vegan activism, and because the things he told me were really interesting, I decided to do a quick interview with him.

Non dairy milk sales in the UK seem to be skyrocketing, huge vegan VegFest events are happening attracting thousands of visitors, and the feedback from visitors indicates that due to these events many visitors go vegan and many more decide to eat more vegan food.

Like Alex said, "Quitting meat and dairy 'addiction' takes most people some months. We are here to help them. And by not getting patronising and condescending, by praising what they are doing right and helping them with information and samples of food at fun events, we can help them to keep moving in the right direction and get to vegan quickly."

Here is the interview:

12 September 2014