Healthy vegan diet & lower depression risk

A vegan diet on its own is unlikely to cure depression. But a healthy diet – and this can very well be a healthy vegan diet – can contribute to curing, or improving, or reducing the risk of depression.

Here are some food group based recommendations from a meta-analysis from 2017. Enjoy.


Associated with a decreased risk of depression
Vegan alternative
fruit

vegetables

whole grains

fish
plant sources of ALA (foods) or vegan sources of DHA (oils/supplements)
+ a good source of vitamin B12
olive oil

low-fat dairy products
calcium rich plant foods, calcium rich water, or calcium fortified foods
+ a good source of vitamin B12
antioxidants

low intakes of animal foods

Associated with an increased risk of depression
Healthy vegan replacement options that might help decrease depression risk
red and/or processed meat
tofu, tempeh, natto, some seitan, some vegan veggie meats (burgers, sausages, deli slices), falafel, homemade seitan sausage, homemade tempeh chorizo, green jackfruit burgers, mushroom burgers
+ a good source of vitamin B12
refined grains
whole grains, whole grain bread, rolled oats, quinoa, amaranth, popcorn, puffed whole grains, whole grain flour with some soya flour for baking
sweets
fruit, dried fruit such as dates, figs, apricots, bananas, sweets made with dried fruit
high-fat dairy products
soya milk (avoid soya milk with a lot of added sugar), soya yoghurt, nut butters, tahini
butter
rapeseed (canola) oil/olive oil/flax seed oil based margarines, healthy oils
potatoes
sweet potatoes, a mix of root vegetables
high-fat gravy
vegan moderate fat gravy (Google or invent a recipe)
low intakes of fruits and vegetables
Try a breakfast with five pieces of fruit. Eat vegetables with lunch and dinner.

See my nutrient recommendations for vegans here

Also see Virginia Messina's related post here.

Also eating enough ALA-rich foods (alpha-linolenic acid) will likely result in higher concentrations of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) in your body and this - or consuming EPA directly from EPA-rich algae oil - might help you getting rid of depression. (See my recommendations under point 5) (See here, and here, and here, here, and here for references.)

Eating nuts can probably also contribute to lowering the risk for depression. (See here, here, herehere, and here.) 



Reference:
Li Y, Lv MR, Wie YJ, Sun L, Zhang JX, Zhang HG, Li B: Dietary patterns and depression risk: A meta-analysis. Psychiatry Res. 2017 Jul;253:373-382. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.04.020 . Epub 2017 Apr 11.